Question 1: Alcohol Related Violence
In the past few years there have been numerous high profile media cases on so called “king hits” or “coward punches” resulting in severe injury or death in Australia. Many of these have been alcohol related, and Australia has been rightly or wrongly branded as having an “alcohol problem” related to violence. As a consequence, several states or jurisdictions have responded by passing a host of laws that lock out patrons from establishments after certain hours, that restrict the sale of alcohol, or that require establishments serving alcohol to close at earlier hours.
Write an essay that addresses the following questions:
1. Does Australia have a significant problem of alcohol related violence? Why or why not? You should review empirical literature on this question, including comparative data when available. Do not rely on media stories to support your argument.
2. Examine the evidence in terms of empirical research on the proposed strategies to reduce alcohol-related violence as they relate to the recently passed Tackling Alcohol-fuelled Violence Bill in Queensland (you can find an overview of the Bill . Weighing the evidence, address whether these policies will be effective in reducing alcohol related public violence? Why or why not?
3. Make a scholarly argument as to why this legislation in its current form is, or is not, the best approach to reducing alcohol related violence in public, or indeed whether you think this legislation is needed at all. There is no blueprint for this part of your essay. You should, however, consider the following:
a. Make sure your argument or “conclusions” follow on your previous points in and evidence questions 1 and 2
b. Support your conclusions with discussion of theoretical knowledge on offending and crime prevention.
c. Situate your discussion and conclusions within a more broadly based consideration of the social effects of these policies. BE the expert here. Do we need this legislation? Why or why not?
Question 2: Privacy, Technology and Security
Recently a federal magistrate in the United States ordered Apple Inc. to comply with an order to assist the federal government in gaining access to the phone of one of the known offenders in the murder of 14 people and the wounding of 22 others in San Bernardino, California. Apple has thus far refused to comply and appealed this ruling, citing both considerations of civil liberties as well as the argument that such help would create a program that provides possible means for access to all iPhones by the government. This case is only one of many in the recent past that brings to light several sociological questions related to the rapid development of technologies that either encrypt communications between private parties and/or mask the identities of such parties.
Write an essay that addresses the following questions:
1. Should private individuals and organizations have ownership and access to technologies of encryption, and/or identity masking that are not accessible to or able to be overcome by government agencies?
2. Provide a case study (NOT the current case with Apple and the US government) that supports your claims. In this case study, you should provide an overview of the case history, relevant facts, and outcomes.
3. Demonstrate how this case specifically supports your position in question by drawing specific links between your position and your case study. How does your case study support your position?
4. Following on your case study, discuss what you see as the larger sociological implications of your argument. Your discussion should consider some or all of the following:
What is the larger social relevance of your case? Why does your case matter more broadly? What is at stake there that makes this case important?
What might your case suggest in terms of the proper role of things like state access to private communications, encryption technology, and so on?
Current worldwide prison population statistics suggest that the female prison population is increasing at a faster rate than the male prison population. Despite the female prison population increasing faster than the male population, when we examine the imprisonment rate of females and males, in most other countries the male imprisonment rate is significantly larger than the female imprisonment rate. However, this is not the case for Indigenous women in Australia. The imprisonment rate recorded in September 2015 for Indigenous females was 437.1 per 100,000 Indigenous adult females. In contrast, for non-Indigenous males, the recorded imprisonment rate was 368.5 per 100,000.
Write an essay that seeks to explain the high rate of incarceration for Indigenous women in Australia. In your essay, you should consider the following:
1) What are the general trends in prison rates for females and males since the early 2000s in Australia?
2) What, in your estimation, does the role of Indigeneity play in explaining the disparity between female and male prison rates? Why are Indigenous women incarcerated at such high rates?
3) Which sociological or criminological theories best explain this apparent disparity, and why?
4) What are the social implications of these trends in terms of criminal justice policies, and other social polices related to addressing Australia’s growing prison
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