Katja Franko Aas writes that ‘the argument about whether sentencing is an art or science is not simply an abstract academic discussion’ (2005: 26; in your reader). Critically evaluate whether sentencing is an ‘art’ or an ‘activity that can be programmed’.
(Ground your answer in evidence, ie through a discussion of sentencing principles, case studies in the media, sentencing tools, discretion, mandatory sentencing etc).
Make a case for whether the contemporary juvenile justice system is driven by ‘welfare’ or ‘justice’ concerns.
(Clearly define what you understand by ‘welfare concerns’ and ‘justice concerns’ in relation to youth offending and refer to contemporary issues in relation to such matters, such as detention or bail, or law reform. Given these matters cannot be discussed in the abstract, you MUST focus your answer through on a jurisdiction of your choosing – such as NSW, Vic, or an international jurisdiction if you wish).
Critically discuss the function of prisons in contemporary society.
(There are many choices to focus your answer. You can focus your answer through a discussion of the different prison genres, comparing and contrasting them, or you might focus on one type of prison (secure facilities, supermaxes, restorative prisons etc).
The thing to remember is that prisons and prison populations are not monochrome. The modern prison contains such sub-populations as serious violent offenders; sex offenders; offenders with a diagnosed (and indeed undiagnosed) mental illness, offenders judged to be a high security risk and others judged to be a low security risk. Each of these categories apply to both male and female offenders).
Using an example, make the case for whether or not the law is an effective instrument to regulate artistic expression in contemporary Australian society.
(Your example can be drawn from one of the key representations or genre such as street art (graffiti), photography (the Bill Henson controversy), video games, films or artworks such as painting or sculpture.)
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