According to a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study, nearly half of all high school students have tried smoking at least once. Teens who smoke experience problems, including shortness of breath, headaches, coughing and excess mucus. Smoking can also cause the lungs to grow poorly, which is a major concern for teens who are still developing. Ultimately, teens who continue to smoke are likely to experience more serious health problems such as lung disease, tooth decay, and heart disease.
Using Albert Bandura’s theory of self-efficacy to guide your thought process, respond to the following:
a. Develop one testable, quantitative research question, based on the theory of self-efficacy, that addresses smoking in adolescents. Incorporate at least two concepts from this theory in your question. Include at least one hypothesis.
b. Develop one researchable qualitative question that could be used to refine or extend a concept of this theory. Identify which of the 3 qualitative methodologies studied in class (i.e. Ethnography, Grounded Theory, or Phenomenology) is most congruent with your question. Provide a 1-2 sentence rationale for how your question fits your chosen methodology.
c. Choose one of the research questions described in either #a or #b above, and develop a research design that you could use to address that question. Remember, the scope, significance, and background of smoking adolescence or problem in need of scientific investigation is assumed in this scenario; thus, you do not need to address these areas in your proposal. The proposal should include the type of study design chosen and sample selection. In addition:
a. for a quantitative study, describe measurement instruments (if available) or how the theory would provide direction for development of measurement strategies.
b. for a qualitative study, describe how your study would build or extend theory.
d. Provide rationale for your chosen study design and be sure your proposal includes all the necessary steps for sound research design.
e. Discuss whether one particular philosophical approach for examining research phenomena related to this priority area should be given precedence over others. Develop your argument in relation to nursing’s purpose as a discipline, and the purpose of science within nursing.
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