1) CORRECTLY AND CLEARLY IDENTIFY THE PREMISS(ES) AND CONCLUSION IN EACH OF THE 10 ARGUMENTATIVE PASSAGES (10%)
a) Human cloning is intrinsically evil and wrong, and so it is something that needs to be approached with reasonable caution and careful deliberation to avoid disaster.
b) Time heals all wounds. Time is money. Thus, money heals all wounds.
c) All part-time lovers are good cheaters. Some selfish individuals are part-time lovers. So some selfish individuals are good cheaters.
d) Since the good is that which furthers a person’s real interest in life, it follows that people will always seek it above and beyond any other consideration in order for them to be happy.
e) Wisdom is the most important thing in this life, so study hard and get your education (from West Virginia University) in order to be happy in this life.
f) Forbear to judge other people, for we are all sinners before God.
g) Titanium combines readily with oxygen and other chemical substances can have an adverse effect on burning substances. As a result, titanium must not be processed in the vicinity of substances like nitrogen, hydrogen and similar elements.
h) The classroom teacher is crucial to the development and academic success of the average student, and administrators are simply ancillary to this effort. Thus, some classroom teachers need be paid the equivalent of what the administrators make.
i) Since water tastes so good and often delicious when stolen from nature, it follows that people everywhere and anywhere need to steal and drink more water to enjoy its good and delicious taste.
j) Communism has failed, because what it initially tried to accomplish in many societies or communities was against human nature (especially when it failed to reward human initiative and honest enterprise).
3. Clearly Identify or Name the Specific Informal Fallacy or Fallacies Committed in each of the 10 Argumentative Passages (10%) as follows:
a) Everyone nowadays is on a low-carb diet. So you should also go on a low-carb diet too in order to do what everyone else is doing. ________________________
b) Practically, everybody believes in life after death. Hence, people should also
believe in life after death. _______________________________
c) I failed this easy course, because my teacher is an African and does not like me.
d) I deserve a raise in salary this coming year. After all, you know how friendly I am
with your wife, and you do not want her to know what’s been going on between you and that young woman you are dating/flirting with. __________________________
e) Television entertainer Bill Maher argues that religion is just a lot of nonsense.
But let me tell you, Maher is an arrogant and shameless as well as self-righteous pig whose argument against religion is pointless. ____________________
f) I heard your testimony in court yesterday about the incident between you and
your spouse. I have to ask: “have you stopped beating her, yet?” Also “why do you tell such bogus lies about people and against your wife?” ____________________
g) Dr. Ben Carson, the famous and most celebrated neurosurgeon, has endorsed Mr.
Donald Trump to be the Republican presidential candidate. Hence, we all can now rally around him to support and vote for Mr. Trump. ________________________
h) We do not know nor has anyone ever seen Mr. Young drink beer or alcoholic
beverages as many alcoholics do. So we conclude that Mr. Young is a non-drinker, does not abuse alcohol, and not an alcoholic. ______________________________
i) Murder is morally wrong. That being the case, it follows that abortion which is a
senseless and ruthless murdering of children is morally wrong. _________________
j) The Daily News carried an article this morning about three local teenagers who
were arrested on charges of drug possession. So teenagers these days are junkies.
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