1. Evaluate the main causes of overseas migration of the Sikhs from Punjab from the second half of
the 19th century up to the present period.
[For the answer you will need to focus on the changing socio-economic environment of the
Punjab during this period and how this may impact upon migration. Also how the socioeconomic environment changed in the post-WW2 period, both in Europe and North America.
The period can be sub-divided into two parts: the British period upto 1947 and post
independent period after 1947 to the present. The British period would include impacts of
2. Sikh migration to the Pacific coast (both USA and Canada) began at the turn of the twentieth
century but almost came to a halt within two decades. What were the responses of both local
people and government agencies to this new immigration? How did the Sikhs respond – both to
their situation in North America and to the perceived situation in their homeland, the Punjab?
[For the answer you will need to say something about the prevailing socio-economic
environment, immigration flows, socio-economic activities of Sikhs and inter-ethnic relations,
responses of government agencies and also the radical (organizational) response by Sikhs
especially about the perceived situation in Punjab]
3. Sikhs as a global community engage in both transnational practices as well as maintaining strong
linkages with their homeland (Punjab). Focusing specifically on their homeland links, identify the
different types of linkages and evaluate their impacts.
[For the answer you need to briefly discuss Sikhs as an example of a networked global
community and then focus specifically on the nature of linkages they maintain with their
homeland of Punjab. Emphasis needs to be on homeland links. To obtain a high grade you need
to evaluate the kinds of impacts these linkages have on Sikhs both in the homeland and in the
4. In the post 9/11 period Sikhs have continued to face problems associated with ‘mistaken
identity’. How have Sikhs mobilized in the USA to raise greater awareness about their religious
identity and contribution to US society and economy?
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