Get a unique, high-quality and non-plagiarized paper from us today at the most affordable price
Email us : premieredtutorials@gmail.com

Nephron tubule filtrate

1. The main driving pressure creating nephron tubule filtrate from blood in the glomerulus is the oncotic pressure exerted by the proteins in blood.
1 points
1. Atrial natriuretic peptide is secreted by the kidneys in response to high blood pressure

1. Insulin stimulates potassium absorption into cells.

1. Which of the following is TRUE regarding hyponatraemia

a. osmolality of blood will probably be decreased

b. the term refers to low levels of calcium in blood

c. it can occur as a result of dehydration

d. it is not significant as potassium is the main cation in extracellular fluid

e. it means there is ‘too little water’ in blood
1 points
1. Infusion of hypertonic saline will:

A. Decrease interstitial fluid volume

B. Draw water out of plasma into interstitial fluid

C. Draw water out of interstitial fluid into plasma

D. Decrease intracellular fluid volume

E. Decrease plasma volume
1 points
1. A hypertonic albumin infusion (i.e. 25% albumin solution) will:
a. Increase plasma volume but decrease both intracellular and interstitial fluid volumes

b. Increase interstitial fluid and intracellular fluid volumes

c. Increase interstitial fluid and plasma volumes

d. Increase intracellular fluid volume and decrease plasma volume

e. Decrease interstitial fluid volume but increase intracellular fluid volume
1 points
Value Normal range Patient 3
Blood pCO2 35-45 mmHg 56
Plasma Bicarbonate 22-26 mM 31
Arterial blood pH 7.35-7.45 7.29
3. From the information in the table above, patient 3 has

a. A partially compensated metabolic acidosis

b. A partially compensated respiratory acidosis

c. An uncompensated respiratory alkalosis

d. An uncompensated metabolic alkalosis

e. A partially compensated metabolic alkalosis
1 points
Value Normal range Patient 1
Blood pCO2 35-45 mmHg 51
Plasma Bicarbonate 22-26 mM 31
Arterial blood pH 7.35-7.45 7.52
3. From the information in the table above, patient 1 has

a. A partially compensated metabolic alkalosis

b. A partially compensated respiratory alkalosis

c. A partially compensated metabolic acidosis

d. A partially compensated respiratory acidosis

e. An uncompensated metabolic acidosis
1 points
Value Normal range Patient 1
Blood pCO2 35-45 mmHg 44
Plasma Bicarbonate 22-26 mM 29
Arterial blood pH 7.35-7.45 7.48

3. From the data above above, this patient has:

a. A partially compensated respiratory alkalosis

b. A partially compensated metabolic acidosis

c. A partially compensated respiratory acidosis

d. An uncompensated metabolic alkalosis

e. A partially compensated metabolic alkalosis
1 points
1. Glomerular filtration rates are increased by which of the following effects?
a. Vasodilation of the afferent arteriole feeding the glomerulus

b. Vasoconstriction of the efferent arteriole draining the glomerulus

c. Increased cardiac output

d. Angiotensin II

e. All of the above
1 points
1. Which of the following DOES NOT reduce glomerular filtration rates?
a. Angiotensin receptor antagonists

b. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories
c. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

d. Heart failure

e. Nitrate medications

1 points
1. Which of the following is the MOST LIKELY treatment for anaemia associated with chronic kidney disease?
a. Insulin infusion

b. Bicarbonate infusion

c. Parenteral erythropoietin
d. Calcimimetics

e. Diuretic therapy

1 points
1. 3.
Based on the results in the table below, which of the following renal conditions does patient 3 probably have?
Parameter Normal range Patient 3
Albumin 35-50 g/L 42
Urea (BUN) 2.5-7.1 mM 18.1
Creatinine 61-107 uM 283
Potassium 3.5-5.0 mM 4.8
pH 7.35-7.45 7.41
osmolality 275-299 mOsMol/kg 306

Protein Negative Negative
Glucose Negative Negative
Osmolality 50-1200 (>500 if excretion rate lower than normal) 1100
Urine: plasma osmolality ratio >1.3 3.59
Urine sodium <10 mM 10.3
Fractional clearance sodium >1% 0.93
Urine output >0.5 ml/kg per hour 0.36 ml

a. Intra-renal failure

b. Pre-renal injury

c. Intra-renal injury
d. Risk of pre-renal injury
e. Pre-renal failure

1 points
1. Patient 2 has been in ICU for several days in a critical condition. He had previously been diagnosed with pre-renal injury which is now suspected to have developed to acute tubular necrosis. From the results below, what condition is this patient likely to have?
Parameter Normal range Patient 2 results
Albumin 35-50 g/L 36
Urea (BUN) 2.5-7.1 mM 18.2
Creatinine 61-107 uM 339
Potassium 3.5-5 mM 6.2
pH 7.35-7.45 7.28
osmolality 275-299 mOsMol/kg 318

Protein Negative +
Glucose Negative negative
Osmolality 50-1200 (>500 if excretion rate lower than normal) 390
Urine:plasma osmolality >1.3 1.25
Sodium clearance < 1% 1.2 %
Urine output >0.5 ml/kg per hour 0.13 ml

a. Nephrotic syndrome
b. The oliguric phase of acute tubular necrosis

c. The post-oliguric phase of acute tubular necrosis
d. The prodromal phase of acute tubular necrosis
e. Continuing pre-renal injury

1 points
1. A patient with reduced glomerular filtration rate exhibiting polyuria but no other signs of renal injury (i.e. blood and urine analysis results come back as normal) is MOST LIKELY suffering from:
a. Stage 2 chronic kidney disease

b. Stage 1 chronic kidney disease

c. No persistent renal injury

d. Stage 4 chronic kidney disease

e. Stage 5 chronic kidney disease
1 points
1. The following patient is thought to have chronic kidney disease. Based on their results below, which stage would their chronic kidney disease be classified as?
Parameter Normal range Results
Albumin 35-50 g/L 48
Urea (BUN) 2.5-7.1 mM 7.9
Creatinine 61-107 uM 159
Potassium 3.5-5.0 mM 5.2
pH 7.35-7.45 7.32
osmolality 275-299 mOsMol/kg 308

Protein Negative Positive
Glucose Negative Negative
Glomerular filtration rate >90ml/min/1.72m2 19
Urine output >0.5 mL/kg/hr 0.5

a. Stage 1 chronic kidney disease

b. Stage 3a chronic kidney disease

c. Stage 5 chronic kidney disease

d. No persistent renal injury

e. Stage 4 chronic kidney disease
1 points
1. Mrs Jones (70 years old) has high blood pressure and heart failure. What is the correct rationale for her diuresis treatment, that will reduce blood pressure and aid in the management of heart failure?

a. Spironolactone, taken with potassium supplements to prevent hypokalaemia

b. Amiloride, taken in the morning after breakfast

c. Indapamide, taken at night to avoid dizziness and falling

d. Frusemide, taken in the morning after breakfast

e. Hydrochlorothiazide, prescribed at a high dose because of her age
1 points
1. Select the statement that is TRUE

a. Spironolactone causes potent diuresis

b. Thiazide diuretics are recommended for patients under 40 years old

c. Gout can be a side effect of thiazide and loop diuretics

d. Aldosterone is a potassium-sparing diuretic

e. Spironolactone causes the loss of potassium
1 points
1. Select the statement that is FALSE

a. Osmotic diuretics may result in hypovolaemia

b. Diuretics cause hypotension

c. Frusemide is a potassium-sparing diuretic

d. Loop diuretics are used in the management of congestive heart failure

e. Hydrochlorothiazide is used at low dose to manage hypertension
1 points
1. Complete the following to make a CORRECT statement. Diuretics are agents that…

a. Result in hypernatremia

b. Produce excess urine

c. Cause oedema

d. Promote the formation of extracellular fluid

e. Have a hypertensive effect



Place your order now for a similar paper and have exceptional work written by our team of experts to guarantee you A Results

Why Choose US:

    6+ years experience on custom writing

    80% Return Client

    Urgent 2 Hrs Delivery

    Your Privacy Guaranteed

    Unlimited Free Revisions

Looking for a similar assignment. Place your order for a similar paper now and have excellent work written by our team of professionals to ensure you acquire the best grades.

If you find it difficult to balance your work and your studies because you are overwhelmed by other responsibilities, you have come to the right place . With the help of our dependable and simple-to-use essay and research writing service, students are able to focus on work or non-academic-related duties that they are required to carry out and complete all their school work on time .

We assist students who are struggling with their academic endeavors by allowing them to obtain essay assistance from  professional essay writers. We are never late for a deadline. When you ask our writer to write your paper, the assignment can be completed in as little as 12 hours or as long as 2 weeks. The order’s deadline is entirely up to you. 

Place an order of your assignment if you are in urgent need of assistance because your essay is due in a few hours/days or you do not know how to complete your professor’s academic assignment. We are here to assist you. You are guaranteed of high grades through our services. 

How to Place an Order 

When you want Premiered Tutorials to do your homework for you, you send the assignment details such as the instructions, due date/deadline, number of pages and college level to the customer support agent online on live chat,  fill in the assignment details at place an order or send the information to our email address premieredtutorials@gmail.com and a customer support agent will respond to you immediately. 

Premiered Tutorials has competent writers to handle any of your assignments. Once you place your order, we choose for you the best and competent writer for your assignment based on each writer’s competence in handling a subject. 

When the homework is completed, we have a quality assurance team that proofreads the assignment to ensure it meets the required rubric instructions from your professor.

After thorough review of your assignment, we send the paper to the client. In case you need any changes at this point, you can let us know so that we can handle it for you at no extra charge. 

Why Premiered Tutorials?

If you need professional online homework help at a cheap price from professional and thoroughly vetted online homework helpers, reach out to the best homework help website, Premiered Tutorials.

Whether you are in high school, undergraduate, masters or PhD level, we have the best academic writers to assist you with your homework. We thoroughly vet all our online homework helpers to ensure they are competent to handle our clients’ tasks. Some of the requirements we have is ensuring that they are English Native speakers, have all attended colleges and had high grades in their undergraduate, Masters and PhD classes and have worked as academic writers and delivered high results.

We are a reliable and best essay writing website in the market. Our assignment help services or rather what our clients ask us to do for them include take my online class for me, order an essay cheap, pay someone to write my essay, help with my assignments, history homework help, college homework help, essay writing help online, answers for your homework, pay someone to do my homework for me, homework answers math, pay someone to take my proctored exams and nursing homework assignment help online. As the best website for homework answers, our homework doers also offer cheap essay writing services, online assignment help for all classes

  • Law/ Criminal Law
  • Nursing
  • Information Technology
  • Psychology
  • Business
  • Statistics
  • Sociology
  • History
  • Communication
  • Culture and Society
  • Biology
  • Astronomy
  • Engineering

The courses indicated above are just but a small group of the types of classes Premiered Tutorials handles.

We have competent homework writers that can handle all academic disciplines regardless of the level of education of our clients.

  When we do your homework for you, we write it from scratch to ensure you receive a unique paper. It also ensures that every homework we do for you is free from plagiarism and will help the client to get the highest grades in his or her classes. Any client who manages to consistently use our homework help services is guaranteed of always having the best grades and being one of the top students in the class because we always deliver the best quality for any homework we do for you.

When we complete working on your homework, we deliver the paper to you on time as we are well aware that the work we handle, is time sensitive. Timely deliveries of assignments help our clients get the highest grades because missed deadlines on assignments can result to deductions of marks for late submissions. Therefore, you will always be assured of quality online homework help through Premiered Tutorials whenever you ask us to do your homework for you.

Homework Help Website

Why we should write your Paper 

  1. Money Return guarantee
  2. 0% Plagiarism Rate
  3. Guaranteed Privacy
  4. Written from scratch by highly qualified writers 
  5. Communication at Any Time (24/7)
  6. Flexible Pricing and Great Discount Programs
  7. Timely Deliveries
  8. Free Amendments

Statistics about Us

130 New Projects
235 Projects in Progress
315 Inquiries
420 Repeat clients

© 2021 Premiered Tutorials
All rights reserved. We provide online custom written papers, such as term papers, research papers, thesis papers, essays, dissertations and other custom writing services.

All papers inclusive of research material are strictly intended to be used for research and study purposes only. Premiered Tutorials does not support or condone plagiarism in any form. These custom papers should be used with proper reference.

Place an Order
error: Content is protected !!