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(Answered) Human Anatomy and Physiology 1 Homework 16

Bio 201

Question 1

Match the type of Synovial joint with its example.

Any joint where two bones glide past each other; they can glide in straight lines or through rotation.

An example is the elbow joint that lets you twist your distal arm so that you can switch between palm anterior (supinated) and palm posterior (pronated).

A biaxial joint where the two bones do not fit together like a ball and cup but more like a handshake.

Your knee joint is an example.

A biaxial joint where a rounded process fits into a shallow cup-like bone area.

The most moveable of all the synovial joints, exemplified by the hip or shoulder. Ball and socket joint
A joint that twists around a point of rotation.

A joint that can only move in one plane and cannot rotate.

All Answer Choices
A. Plane joint
B. Condyloid joint
C. Ball and socket joint
D. Saddle joint
E. Hinge joint
F. Pivot joint

Question 2

Match the function with the correct structure

Protect the articular cartilages

Subdivide a synovial cavity

Lubricates and reduces friction

Cover bone and help to reduce friction

Stabilize articular capsule and joint

Act as shock absorbers

Contains the synovial fluid

Produces synovial fluid

Surround tendons where they pass across bony surfaces to reduce friction.

Surrounds a synovial joint

All Answer Choices
A. fat pads
B. Joint capsule
C. Bursa
D. Synovial fluid
E. Meniscus
F. Joint cavity
G. synovial membrane
H. Ligaments
I. Tendon sheaths
J. Articular cartilage

Question 3

Match each term with its appropriate description. You should not have to go look these up. Just think about the mobility of each example.

Epiphyseal lines

Pubic Symphysis Amphiarthrosis
Pivot Joint

Distal articulation between the tibia and the fibula (between these two bones and not with the tarsal bones).

Peridontal ligament anchors the tooth into the socket

The Ankle joint

Any interosseous ligament.

The wrist

A triaxial joint

Hinge Joint

All Answer Choices
A. Amphiarthrosis
B. Synarthrosis
C. Diarthrosis

Question 4

Match the type of joint with its description

Joint connecting pubic bones

Characterized by hyaline cartilage connecting bony portions

Joint between tibia and fibula

All have fibrous capsule lined with a synovial membrane

Joints between skull bones   Fibrous
Bone regions united by fibrous connective tissue

Ossified suture

Joint between atlas and axis

Interbertebral disks

Hip, Elbow, Knee and Shoulder joints

Joint between the first rib and sternum

All are reinforced by ligaments

Teeth joints

Oftens contains a fluid filled cushion

Ankle joint

All Answer Choices
A. Synovial
B. Fibrous
C. Cartilaginous

Question 5

Match each description with a type of arthritis or a cause for arthritis.

When our waste takes the form of uric acid it can get deposited in synovial joints, typically in the feet.

An autoimmune arthritis where the joint capsule becomes so inflamed that there’s too much pressure on the joint.

The most common type of arthritis, typically just due to age and impact on joints.

The tissue that is typically damaged in all sorts of arthritis.

The tissue that can often get enlarged and limit joint function when a person has arthritis

All Answer Choices
A. gouty arthritis
B. rheumatoid arthritis
C. articular cartilage
D. bone
E. osteoarthritis

Question 6

Match the descriptions with the best choice.

During embryonic development, the place where the synovial joint cavity will eventually exist has to first undergo this process to make space for the cavity.  cell death (apoptosis)
During embryonic development, the area where the joint will develop is called this.

The embryonic tissue that will give rise to the synovial joints is

It takes more time for some of the joints to develop than there is time before birth. Therefore, after a child is born, the suture joints in the skull have not finished developing. This is also good because the lack of joint finalization makes the skull more flexible during delivery. The area where each of the suture joints is still developing is called this.

All Answer Choices
A. cell death (apoptosis)
B. mesenchyme
C. fontanel
D. joint interzone

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