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benefit of gathering

Choose the best answer for each question.

Part 1

  1. Which of the following statements best describes the benefit of gathering background information after you have a specific research topic in mind?
  1. Gathering background information will give you all the information you need to research your topic.
  2. Gathering background information can help you narrow the focus of your topic.
  3. Gathering background information can help you keep track of your research to avoid plagiarizing.
  4. Gathering background information can help you fill in the gaps after you have finished your research to see what you may have missed on the topic.
  5. Boolean operator
  6. search statement
  7. subject heading
  8. search heading
  9. related terms
  10. keywords
  11. Boolean operators
  12. truncation
  1. Once you have identified the key concepts of a topic or research question and thought of additional keywords (synonyms or related terms), the next step is to use a combination of key concepts and keywords to develop a __________.
  1. Which is a vital component of effective search statements that allows you to combine search terms to broaden or narrow your search?

For questions 4–9, match the appropriate search statement to the types of searches listed below. Type your choice from Column A into the corresponding box in Column B.

Column A Column B
  1. network* AND secur*
  2. network AND (security OR protection)
  3. “network security”
  4. network OR security
  5. network AND security
  6. network NOT security
  7. both search terms present
  8. either search term present
  9. excluding one search term
  10. retrieves alternative word endings
  11. search terms combined as a phrase
  12. alternative keywords in a search
  13. apple AND “farmer’s market”
  14. (apple OR pear) AND “farmer’s market”
  15. terms assigned to describe items in database
  16. apple OR pear AND farm
  17. nesting
  18. truncation
  19. phrase searching
  20. no advanced searching technique is used in the search statement
  21. common knowledge
  22. information creation
  23. peer review
  24. secondary sources
  25. primary sources
  26. database records
  27. search statements
  28. academic research
  29. firsthand accounts and primary sources
  30. primary and secondary sources
  31. MLA and APA citations
  32. library databases and search engines
  33. Primary sources are sources of information or data that are interpreted, evaluated, or analyzed, and secondary sources are sources that interpret, evaluate, or analyze primary sources.
  34. Primary sources are sources of information or data that are not interpreted, evaluated, or analyzed, and secondary sources are sources that interpret, evaluate, or analyze primary sources.
  35. Primary sources are sources of information or data that are not interpreted, evaluated, or analyzed, and secondary sources are sources that only interpret, evaluate, or analyze secondary sources.
  36. There is no obvious difference between primary sources and secondary sources.
  1. Which is an example of a search statement correctly using the advanced searching technique nesting?
  1. Which advanced searching technique is correctly used in the search statement: toddler AND “Montessori school”
  1. Both a scientist generating data based on observations of the life cycle of a butterfly, and a college student writing a critique of an artwork, are examples of:
  1. The production and use of __________ is typically cyclical.
  1. The most common types of information you will encounter when doing academic research are __________.
  1. Which of the following best describes the difference between primary and secondary sources?

You need both primary and secondary sources for your criminal justice research paper. Answer the following two questions about the types of sources.

  1. Your instructor told you that one of your selected sources listed below is not a secondary source. Which of these sources will you have to replace?
  1. criminal justice textbook
  2. eyewitness account
  3. literature review published in a law journal
  4. all three are examples of secondary sources
  5. trial transcript
  6. prisoner’s diary
  7. census data
  8. criminal justice literature review
  9. contain materials that support the research needs of faculty and students.
  10. include four-year public college libraries, four-year private college libraries, university libraries, and two-year community college libraries.
  11. include many that are open to the public and if you are unable to borrow materials, you can often use their resources on site.
  12. all of the above
  13. may be a good place to start your academic research even though most do not own the large collections of scholarly books and specialized journals appropriate for more in-depth investigation that a research library contains.
  14. do not vary in the amount and types of resources offered.
  15. do not have electronic research databases.
  16. are only located in cities or towns with more than 250,000 people.
  17. Government depository libraries have broad collections that can be used for research on governmental issues.
  18. Government depository libraries were established by Congress to ensure the American public has access to published U.S. government information.
  19. Government documents are available only in print form in a government depository library.
  20. Government depository libraries often include state law libraries.
  21. periodical databases
  22. statistical databases
  23. reference databases
  24. electronic book databases
  25. a newspaper article
  26. an article from a trade publication
  27. a magazine article
  28. a scholarly journal article
  29. “Irish Babies, African Mothers: Rites of Passage and Rights in Citizenship in Post-Millennial Ireland”
  30. “How Many Irish Potato Famine Deaths? Toward Coherence of the Evidence”
  31. “‘Good Man, Mary!’ Women Musicians and the Fraternity of Irish Traditional Music”
  32. “‘The Gloomy Forebodings of this Dread Disease,’ Climate, Famine and Sleeping Sickness in East Africa”
  33. identify the author
  34. cite the source in your paper
  35. evaluate the content of the source
  36. determine the date it was published
  37. authority
  38. reliability
  39. coverage
  40. currency
  41. If you paraphrase or summarize an idea from another work, you must also supply an in-text citation or reference to the source as well as a full citation at the end of your paper.
  42. If you quote another work word for word, you must put the passage in quotation marks, but you need not include a citation in a works cited or references list.
  43. If you quote another work word for word, you do not have to put the passage in quotation marks and only need to use a citation in the text of your paper.
  44. If you paraphrase or summarize an idea from another work, you must supply an in-text citation or reference to the source, but do not need a full citation at the end of your paper.
  45. true
  46. false
  1. Your instructor told you that one of your selected sources listed below is not a primary source. Which of these sources will you have to replace?
  1. Which of the following statements best describes academic libraries? Academic libraries:
  1. Which of the following statements best describes public libraries? Public libraries:
  1. The following statements describe government depository libraries, except:
  1. Which library research databases include information about articles published in magazines, journals, and newspapers?
  1. You need to locate an article that (1) is published by a university or professional association, (2) is authored by clearly defined experts with significant knowledge in the subject area, or scholars and/or researchers, and (3) includes a bibliography. Which source would best meet your needs?
  1. Choose which article title would most likely be described by the database subject headings victims of famine, Ireland, history.
  1. Once you have (1) performed a search in a database, (2) reviewed the list of results, and (3) evaluated a specific source from the results list, what is the next step?
  1. For your research paper on the history of Maui, you locate a source covering the overall history of the Hawaiian Islands. As you evaluate the source, however, you decide not to use it in your research because it never mentions Maui. This significant omission of information falls under what criterion for evaluating resources?
  1. Which of the following statements about when to cite sources is true?
  1. Most citation styles require similar elements (e.g., author, publication date, title, and the date retrieved if found online) to be included in the citation, no matter if you are using MLA style, APA style, or Chicago style.

Part 2

For a course on contemporary issues in science, you are assigned to write a research paper on a current issue. You have chosen the topic “genetically modified foods.” Your assignment indicates that you should use a variety of resources, including books, articles, and Web sites, to find information for your paper.

  1. Applying evaluation criteria for Web sources, which of the following seems most appropriate to use in your research on genetically modified foods?
  1. Web site of a company that produces genetically modified corn, last updated in 2002
  2. annotated bibliography on genetically altered crops published in 2009 by a federal agricultural agency
  3. Web site of a vegetarian activist group that advocates organic food production
  4. essay on genetics in foods posted on a well-known university’s Web site that is unfinished and has no author and no date
  5. allerg* AND (child* OR youth) AND “genetically modified foods”
  6. “genetically modified foods” AND health
  7. (nutrition OR allergies) AND child*
  8. health AND risk AND (child* OR youth) AND allergies
  9. primary
  10. secondary
  11. Narrow your keywords to include more specific terms on the topic
  12. Broaden your keywords and revise your search statement
  13. Change your topic to one that is covered in your textbook
  14. Write the paper using the materials you found
  1. Which of the following search statements would be most likely to retrieve relevant articles on the topic of the health risks of genetically modified foods for children with food allergies?
  1. You have found a journal article that analyzes recent trends in genetically engineered crop research. This article would be considered which type of information?
  1. After searching for information on your topic in the library catalog, Web search tools, and library databases, you have still not found enough material on your topic. What should you do next?

You have found the following database record when searching for articles on your research topic. Use it to answer questions 32–33.

Strategies to Evaluate the Safety of Bioengineered Foods

Delaney, Bryan

International Journal of Toxicology; Sept. 2007, Vol. 26 Issue 5, pp. 389–399

Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition

Genetically modified foods

Transgenic plants


Herbicide resistance

Pesticide resistance


Analytical biochemistry

Food – Biotechnology


  1. What is the title of the article?
  1. Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition
  2. International Journal of Toxicology
  3. Strategies to Evaluate the Safety of Bioengineered Foods
  4. Genetically modified foods
  5. Delaney, Bryan
  6. Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition
  7. Genetically modified organisms
  8. Food – Biotechnology
  1. Which of the following is a subject heading for this article?

You have found the following journal article citation in the library database Academic Search Complete.

Genetically modified food from crops: progress, pawns, and possibilities. By: Morin, Xenia. Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry, Oct. 2008, Vol. 392 Issue 3, pp. 333–340.

  1. Which of the following citations is the correct MLA format for an academic journal article from a library database?
  1. Morin, X. Genetically modified food from crops: Progress, pawns, and possibilities. Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry 392.3 (2008): 333–40. Academic Search Complete. Web. 22 Nov. 2009.
  2. Morin, Xenia. “Genetically Modified Food from Crops: Progress, Pawns, and Possibilities.” Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistryvolume 392, issue 3 (2008): 333–40.
  3. Morin, Xenia. “Genetically Modified Food from Crops: Progress, Pawns, and Possibilities.” Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry392.3 (2008): 333–40. Academic Search Complete.Web. 22 Nov. 2009.
  4. Morin, X. “Genetically Modified Food from Crops: Progress, Pawns, and Possibilities.” Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry392.3 (2008): 333–40. Academic Search Complete. University of Maryland University College. 22 Nov. 2009.
  1. You need to find a scholarly article on the laws and regulations governing genetically modified organisms. Based on the citation information (to help determine if it is scholarly) and article abstract (to help determine if it is relevant) below, this article is__________.

Citation Information:

State of exception in the regulation of genetically modified organisms in Brazil. By: Pelaez, Victor. Science & Public Policy (SPP), Feb. 2009, Vol. 36 Issue 1, pp. 61–71.

Author (Prof. Victor Pelaez) Affiliations: Department of Economics, Federal University of Paraná, Av. Pref. Lothário Meissner 632, 880210-170 Curitiba — PR, Brazil.


The regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in Brazil has involved intense disputes between the three branches of government (legislative, executive and judiciary). This process arose out of a class-action suit that overruled a decision authorizing the commercial release of GM soybeans by the regulatory body.

  1. relevant and scholarly
  2. relevant but not scholarly
  3. irrelevant but scholarly
  4. irrelevant and not scholarly 

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